Saints’ remains at St. Martin are examined

Father Fred Klotter, at right, pastor of St. Martin of Tours Church, and Philip DiBlasi, an archaeologist from the University of Louisville, discussed St. Bonosa whose remains are seen on the table in plastic bags. DiBlasi and four students are examining the remains of St. Bonosa and St. Magnus, which have been displayed as relics at St. Martin since 1902. (Record Photo by Marnie McAllister)

By MARNIE McALLISTER
Record Assistant Editor

Since 1902, the bones of two martyrs — St. Magnus, a Roman centurion, and St. Bonosa, a young Roman virgin — have flanked the altar at St. Martin of Tours Church. There the pair, who are believed to have been martyred in the third or fourth century in Rome, have attracted the curious and the faithful alike.

Late last month their remains were removed from their reliquaries — made of marble and glass — and a team of researchers from the University of Louisville is examining the bones in a former chapel at St. Martin. Their findings will be presented on June 15 at 7 p.m. in the church, 639 S. Shelby St.

Philip DiBlasi, an archaeologist who teaches skeletal forensics at the University of Louisville, and four students, are taking an inventory of the remains, determining their demographic profiles and hoping to learn even more about the pair of ancient saints.

While his research isn’t complete, DiBlasi said during an interview last Friday that he’s been astonished by the findings.

“I am really comfortable with (the notion) these (remains) are who they represent,” he said. “I am frankly astounded that the demographic information (that was passed down in stories about the saints) is so close to what we have found.”

Research into these relics was prompted by a couple of factors, said Father Fred Klotter, pastor of St. Martin. The side altars at St. Martin, in which the sarcophagi were encased, needed repairs and the glass sides of the cases were cracking, he said. Curiosity had a hand in the decision, too.

“We had talked about doing this for seven years — since I’ve been here,” said Father Klotter, noting that the parish has no formal history of the relics.

“Respect made us very cautious,” as did a concern about the possibility that the relics weren’t real, he acknowledged.

“We didn’t know what we were going to get,” he said. “What we’re finding is the common stories we passed down orally have been proven.”

Philip DiBlasi, an archaeologist at the University of Louisville, is seen with the cranium and other bones of St. Bonosa, believed to be a third or fourth century Roman martyr. DiBlasi and four students are examining the remains of St. Bonosa and St. Magnus, also a martyr, whose skeletal remains have been displayed for veneration at St. Martin of Tours Church since 1902. (Record Photo by Marnie McAllister)

DiBlasi, who has also been helped by his archaeologist wife, Jan Marie Hemberger, said the investigation started  on a low note, but quickly turned exciting.

“We initially unwrapped Magnus and I was disappointed,” said DiBlasi. “He is very highly fragmented. He has a complete cranium, but no mandible.

“Then we unwrapped St. Bonosa and we were just astounded,” he said. “She was in phenomenal condition. All the damage we see on her was from bad handling.”

Her remains include a complete cranium, mandible and pelvis, which together can reveal important information — including an accurate age. She was 24 years old, plus or minus one year, when she died, DiBlasi said.

The investigation aims to determine the stature, ancestry, gender and handedness of both saints.

“We will get all of that for her (St. Bonosa),” said DiBlasi. “On Magnus, we will get gender and ancestry. We will not get handedness or stature with him because he’s so fragmented.”

So far, DiBlasi’s team has determined that “the male is 45-plus years of age,” he said. “We will narrow that down, we hope. There is an 85 percent probability that he is white” though data also suggests Egyptian or other Mediterranean ancestry.

“There is some trauma to his cranium that could be related to his death, but I really need to spend some time looking at that,” DiBlasi said. There’s a possibility, he said, that the trauma occurred after death.

The most intact pieces of St. Magnus are the cranium and a partial femur.

“Every bone he has is so fragmented, the best we can do is get an inventory of the bones,” DiBlasi said. “If he were more complete, I could say a lot about him, because as a soldier, there would be stressmarkers.”

St. Bonosa seems to be 100 percent Caucasian.

“She’s a white female between five-feet and five-feet six-inches tall,” DiBlasi said. “Her age is 24, plus or minus one year. That’s pretty solid. The history that came with her suggested she was 16. We know she spent a lot of time squatting” by the wear that shows on her bones.

In addition to the research done by DiBlasi’s team, Jewish Hospital donated a CAT scan of the two skulls. St. Bonosa’s scan could lead to a facial reconstruction, Father Klotter said, noting, “That’s an expensive process and we need funding to complete that.”

DiBlasi said radiocarbon dating won’t be used because the bones have been exposed to too many environmental factors that could skew the data, such as the burning of coal and candles.

DiBlasi and the students are conducting their research solely as volunteers. The archaeologist said he spends about 40 hours a week on the project and planned to do four weeks of research at St. Martin.

While he has worked with murder victims, DiBlasi said he’s never worked with relics.

“This is very exciting,” he added, noting that he’s a member of St. Bartholomew Church. “To be a Catholic and to do this is way cool.”

A story about the history of the saints can be found here.

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